I have seen both types of breathing (or not breathing?) techniques employed by swimmers. Some of those swimmers had no problem doing long swims or workouts, some had a lot of trouble making one length of the pool (even though they were fit enough to do so). What was the problem? They felt like they had no air, or they were running out of air, or they could not get a good inhalation. Why do they face these challenges to breathing while swimming?
Swimmers need air to swim; they need to get rid of the "bad" air and take in the "good" air. They have to do this a lot during a long swim. What is the trick behind some swimmers' ability to go long distances without breathing problems while other swimmers have challenges from the start? I don't know any scientific reason for it, maybe it has something to do with keeping enough pressure in the airway to trigger or not trigger some response, but I do know that swimmers of both types - bubble-blowers and non-bubblers, both can be successful swimmers.
What is the basic breathing cycle in swimming? Breathe in, blow out; I know, you knew this already.
When does it occur? That might be one of the tricks - the blow out part, not the breathe in. Breathe in is always going to occur when the entrance to the airway - that's the mouth - is above the water; I know, you knew this already, too. The blow out part, as already mentioned, might be happening continuously via blowing small bubbles, or it might not happen until just prior to the breathe in.These are the basic steps to breathing while swimming:
- Breathe in.
- Face back into the water.
- Blow bubbles or don't blow bubbles.
- Blow out forcefully just prior to raising/turning the face out of the water for the next inhalation - this is one of the tricks, an explosive exhalation just prior to the mouth exiting the water. This explosive exhalation gets rid any remaining"bad" air, can create a pocket of water-free space in the mouth so the next inhale is easier, and can pre-load the ribcage for the inhalation so the ribcage is ready to expand for that breathe in once your mouth clears the water.
- Bring face out of the water.
- Breathe in.
Now on to the next part, to blow bubbles or not to blow bubbles... that is the question (sorry). My answer for this one is very simple. If you are having trouble with breath control, and explosive exhalations while swimming are not helping (or not helping enough), then think about what you are doing and do the opposite. If you are a bubble blower, stop blowing bubbles. If you do not blow bubbles, start blowing them (little ones, you are not trying to turn the pool into a bubble bath). Some bubble blowers hum during the bubble blowing process. Really, the do. And it helps them keep a steady, small stream of bubbles going.
Give explosive exhaling a try first, then test the bubble or no bubble tactic. I bet you will have found a solution. One more thing to try is the actual structure of your workout. You might be trying to do too much at one time. You may need to build-up to longer swims, as shown in: